- 1 Where is the Aztec capital now?
- 2 How did the Aztecs build Tenochtitlan on a lake?
- 3 What language did the Aztecs speak?
- 4 What happened to Mexico City’s Lake?
- 5 What disease killed the Aztecs?
- 6 Why did the Aztecs built their city on a lake?
- 7 What did the Aztecs call themselves?
- 8 How did the Aztecs get water?
- 9 How many deities did the Aztecs worship?
- 10 What did the Aztecs eat?
- 11 Is Aztec still spoken?
Where is the Aztec capital now?
Tenochtitlan was one of two Mexica āltepētl (city-states or polities) on the island, the other being Tlatelolco. The city is located in modern-day Mexico City.
How did the Aztecs build Tenochtitlan on a lake?
Tenochtitlan, the biggest Aztec city, was built on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. The Aztecs didn’t have any farmland, so they devised a way to create their own farmland, called chinampas. The Aztecs made giant reed mats and placed them on top of the water.
What language did the Aztecs speak?
Nahuatl language, Spanish náhuatl, Nahuatl also spelled Nawatl, also called Aztec, American Indian language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken in central and western Mexico.
What happened to Mexico City’s Lake?
After the Spaniards built Mexico City on the ruins of the Aztec city they had destroyed, they conquered the lake waters. The Aztecs had kept floodwaters at bay through a network of dikes, levees and canals. The Spaniards ignored all that and just began to drain the water.
What disease killed the Aztecs?
Smallpox took its toll on the Aztecs in several ways. First, it killed many of its victims outright, particularly infants and young children.
Why did the Aztecs built their city on a lake?
Tenochtitlan was located on a swampy island in Lake Texcoco in what is today south central Mexico. At first, it wasn’t a great place to start a city, but soon the Aztecs built up islands where they could grow crops. The water also worked as a natural defense against attacks from other cities.
What did the Aztecs call themselves?
The Aztecs called their city Tenochtitlán after a name the Aztecs used for themselves, Tenochca. The other name they used for themselves was Mexica.
How did the Aztecs get water?
While London still drew its drinking water from the polluted Thames River as late as 1854, the Aztecs brought potable water to Tenochtitlán from springs on the mainland by means of the aqueduct built by Nezahualcoyotl between 1466 and 1478.
How many deities did the Aztecs worship?
The Aztecs believed in a complex and diverse pantheon of gods and goddesses. In fact, scholars have identified more than 200 deities within Aztec religion. The Aztec gods were divided into three groups, each supervising one aspect of the universe: weather, agriculture and warfare.
What did the Aztecs eat?
Maize, beans and squash were the three staple foods, to which nopales and tomatoes were usually added. Chilli and salt were ubiquitous. The Aztec diet was dominated by fruit and vegetables, but at times also included domesticated animals such as dogs, turkeys, ducks and honey bees.
Is Aztec still spoken?
Today, the Aztec language is spoken by only one to one-and-a-half million people in Mexico, many of whom live in the state of Veracruz on the western edge of the Gulf of Mexico. Yet modern Nahuatl is rarely taught in schools or universities, whether in Mexico or the United States.