- 1 Is Lake Balkhash a shrunken lake?
- 2 Which fact about Lake Balkhash located in Kazakhstan is true?
- 3 What is unique about Lake Balkhash?
- 4 Does Lake Balkhash have both freshwater and saltwater?
- 5 How deep is the deepest lake in the world?
- 6 What is the largest inland body of water on Earth?
- 7 How long is Lake Balkhash?
- 8 What kind of fish are in Lake Balkhash?
- 9 Why is there such a big concern over Lake Balkhash drying up Site 1?
- 10 What rivers flow into Lake Balkhash?
- 11 What is the main source of water in Central Asia?
- 12 What is the largest Drainless mountain lake in Central Asia?
- 13 Is the Caspian Sea freshwater?
Is Lake Balkhash a shrunken lake?
The lake currently covers about 16,400 km2 (6,300 sq mi). However, like the Aral Sea, it is shrinking due to diversion and extraction of water from its feeders.
Which fact about Lake Balkhash located in Kazakhstan is true?
Lake Balkhash is one of the largest lakes in Asia and the 15th largest in the world. It is in the east of Central Asia in southeastern Kazakhstan and belongs to an endorheic (closed) basin, the uppermost part of which is in mainly China, with a small portion in Kyrgyzstan. The basin drains seven rivers.
What is unique about Lake Balkhash?
Balkash is a lake with unique features, which have puzzled scientists and researchers for hundreds of years. Its rarity lies in the fact that its Western and Northern parts are nothing like each other. The Western area is a shallow and quiet expanse, filled with fresh water, containing 46% of the lake’s total volume.
Does Lake Balkhash have both freshwater and saltwater?
The Aral Sea and Lake Balkhash have a lot in common. Both lakes are located in an arid part of Central Asia; both are somewhat saline; and neither has an outlet. Water in the western part of the lake is almost fresh—suitable for drinking and industrial uses—whereas the eastern side of the basin is brackish to salty.
How deep is the deepest lake in the world?
Lake Baikal in southern Russia is the world’s deepest lake. It is an estimated 5,387 feet deep (1,642 meters), and its bottom is approximately 3,893 feet (1,187 meters) below sea level.
What is the largest inland body of water on Earth?
Caspian Sea, Russian Kaspiyskoye More, Persian Darya-ye Khezer, world’s largest inland body of water. It lies to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the vast steppe of Central Asia.
How long is Lake Balkhash?
Around 25 million years ago, a fissure opened in the Eurasian continent and gave birth Lake Baikal, now the oldest lake in the world. It’s the world’s deepest lake, an estimated 5,387 feet deep (1,642 meters).
What kind of fish are in Lake Balkhash?
From a high of more than 5,000 square kilometres (1,930 sq miles) Urmia shrank to about a tenth of that area in 2014-2015, and as little as 5% of its historic volume. Much of the lake is now consumed by sickly-looking red algae that has run riot as the water has vanished and the salt content has soared.
Why is there such a big concern over Lake Balkhash drying up Site 1?
Explanation: 1. Xinjiang’s growing population has increased its demand for water for industry and irrigation, raising concerns that the supply of water to Lake Balkhash could be drastically reduced.
What rivers flow into Lake Balkhash?
Balkhash is the largest water body wholly within the borders of Kazakhstan (Figure 1). Five permanent rivers flow into it: the Ili, Karatal, Aksu, Lepsa, and Ayaguz . These rivers originate in the mountainous regions of the Tien Shan range, and to a lesser extent, the Tarbagatai and Chingiz-Tau ranges.
What is the main source of water in Central Asia?
The main sources of water in Central Asia are the Syr Darya and Amu Darya Rivers, mostly fed by snow- and glacier-melt from the Pamir, Hindu Kush and Tien Shan mountain ranges.
What is the largest Drainless mountain lake in Central Asia?
Lake Ysyk, Kyrgyz Ysyk-köl, Russian Ozero Issyk-kul, a drainless lake in northeastern Kyrgyzstan. Situated in the northern Tien Shan (“Celestial Mountains”), it is one of the largest high-mountain lakes in the world and is famous for its magnificent scenery and unique scientific interest.
Is the Caspian Sea freshwater?
While the Caspian Sea is not fresh water, its salty water is diluted by the inflow of fresh water, especially in the north.